Dental braces are orthodontic devices which help realign the position of your teeth.
They may be used if you have bite problems (also called malocclusions), crooked teeth, gaps or other problems with your teeth.
Although they are mainly used on children and teenagers – as treatment is easier when you are still growing – adults can also benefit from braces.
Braces are made up of three basic parts:
– Bonding (or band)
– Arch wire
The way braces work is that the teeth are moved through the use of force – the wires in the braces push the tooth in the desired direction.
When this happens, there is a biological response which leads to bone remodeling. Bone is created on one side and resorbed on the other side.
A tooth will usually move about a millimeter per month during orthodontic treatment but there are big variations depending on the individual and the exact treatment.