If your doctor or orthodontist believes you need braces, they will start by examining your teeth visually.
They will then set up an appointment to take X-rays and make molds and impressions so that they have a clear record of how your mouth currently looks.
These records will help them establish the problem and what course of action to take.
A short time before you receive the braces, spacers are added into your mouth to make sure there is enough space for the bands.
An adhesive will be applied to the teeth to help the cement bond to the surface of the tooth.
In most cases the teeth will be banded and then brackets will be added.
The bracket will be applied with dental cement and light may be used and to help harden it. This may takes a few seconds for each tooth.
Molar bands may be needed to ensure the brackets stay in place.
Bands may also be needed if previous dental treatment such as fillings cause problems with attaching the bracket.
Once the brackets have been added, an archwire is threaded between them. This is fixed in place by ligatures, which may be elastic or metal.
Archwires are tightened frequently to help deliver the results required.
Brackets and or hooks may be added to the archwire for affixing the elastic.
Braces often use nickel-titanium archwires and temperature-sensitive materials. The archwire is flexible when cold and, when it is heated to body temperature, it stiffens and tries to retain its shape so this creates constant light pressure on the teeth.
There are now many different types of braces and the exact procedure may vary depending on the specific option you choose.